Myopia, also known as nearsightedness, is a condition where it is difficult to focus on objects at a distance without affecting objects that are close. This is one of the most common vision problems worldwide
Myopia Signs and Symptoms
Typically, patients with myopia are able to see well up close and have no issues when reading. However, it is harder for them to see objects at a distance. This can lead to eye strain, fatigue, and headaches.
Myopia is typically diagnosed during a comprehensive eye exam with an optometrist, who will likely prescribe glasses and possibly contact lenses as well
Slow or Stop Myopia
While nearsightedness or myopia for many has been corrected through glasses or contact lenses, a modern concept has developed called Myopia Control. Myopia control is oriented to slow down or stop the progression of myopia since over the past few decades myopia has increased at an alarming rate. Unfortunately, the percentage of moderate to high myopia has grown in number and myopia control is becoming a major consideration for parents & their child’s eye health.
Nearsightedness Increases Risk of Ocular Diseases
- Cataracts: The rate of progression of myopia has been linked to the development of cataracts. The higher the level of myopia in a child, the faster the rate cataracts can develop when they get older.
- Glaucoma: Glaucoma is when the eye develops an unusually high pressure, where this pressure can damage the optic nerve and cause vision loss. Studies have shown that nearsighted people have a 2-3x greater risk at Glaucoma.
- Detached Retina: Levels of myopia also have a correlation to detached retinas. A detached retina is when the retina pulls away from the eyes tissue, often resulting in permanent vision loss.
Myopia Treatment in Austin
While glasses and contact lenses are typical treatments for myopia, other options include Lasik surgery, Orthokeratology (Ortho-K), and MiSight. A number of factors can be involved in deciding which is the best treatment for you, including the overall health of your eyes. A frank discussion with your optometrist will help you choose the best option for myopia management